NOAH-NMR Supersequences with Nested Acquisition for Small Molecules
NOAH (NMR by Ordered Acquisition using 1H-detection) is a group of nested NMR experiments combining several conventional two-dimensional (2D) NMR pulse sequences, such as COSY, HSQC and HMBC, into one supersequence. Therefore, two or more 2D NMR data can be obtained from a single NOAH experiment. By using a single relaxation delay, the NOAH method significantly reduces the total data collection time and increases the throughput of an NMR instrument in structure elucidation of small organic molecules.
Figure 1 is a schematic representation of a conventional 2D NMR measurement, and Figure 2 shows the principle of a NOAH supersequence. All conventional 2D NMR sequences contain a recovery delay (relaxation delay) in the order of seconds, which is the longest part of the sequence. If two or more conventional 2D experiments are run in a sequence, each experiment needs to have a recovery delay (Figure 1). In the NOAH supersequence, only a single recovery delay is employed at the very beginning of the nested sequence (Figure 2). As a result, the total data collection time of the NOAH experiment is much shorter in comparison to the classical 2D data collection scheme.
Figure 1. Schematic representation of a series of conventional 2D NMR measurements
Figure 2. Schematic representation of the NOAH measurement
 Ē. Kupče, T. D. W. Claridge, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2017, 56, 11779.
The Example of NOAH-3 Experiment
In Figure 3 (a), there is a NOAH-3 supersequence, that combines HMBC, multiplicity-edited HSQC and COSY. The 1H-13C HMBC (b), 1H-13C multiplicity-edited HSQC (c) and 1H-1H COSY (d) spectra were collected in 10 minutes. For comparison, it would take nearly 30 minutes to collect the spectra conventionally.
Figure 3. NOAH-3 Supersequence and Data
Sample: 10 % Cinnamic acid cis-3-hexen-1-yl ester in chloroform-d
Equipment: JNM-ECZ400S with ROYAL HFX probe
Scans = 1, X_points = 1024, Y_points = 128, Relaxation_delay = 1.5 s,
Total data collection time = 10 min.
- Please see the PDF file for the additional information.
Another window opens when you click.