Ferromagnetic thin film and spin current (1) - FMR and spin current -

  • Summary


Ferromagnetic thin film has been widely used as information storage elements like magnetic tapes and hard disk drives. Recent ly, for an example of a new trend, much attention is also focused on the development of “spin transfer torque random access memory (STT–RAM)” which drives according to the principle of “spin current”. Electrons have two important properties, known as “charge” and “spin”.
Spin current means the flow of the coherent spin angular momentum (JS) of the electron. It is mainly classified into “spin polarized current” with the charge current (JC) and “pure spin current” when charge is absent. Pure spin current is expected to apply to low consuming energy devices in the future, because it is not accompanied with the electric (charge) current. The effect of spin current derived from ferromagnetic thin film can be detected by measuring ferromagnetic resonance (FMR) which is the magnetic resonance of ferromagnets. FMR measurements are easily available using an ESR instrument.

Samples and method

The typical devices that can generate the pure spin current are made by the metallic bilayer thin film consisting of the ferromagnetic metal which supplies spins and the non-magnetic metal which has strong spin-orbit interaction, as shown in the drawing of Pict.1. FMR spectra were measured using a monolayer of NiFe alloy (Py) which is ferromagnet and a bilayer of Py and palladium (Pd), as shown in Pict.1.
PIct. 1 Py/Pd metallic bilayer*
Pict. 1 Py/Pd metallic bilayer*

Spin pumping effect

Fig.1 shows Py-FMR spectra, comparing monolayer Py signal with bilayer signal. Spectral line width of bilayer more broad compared to the monolayer. This result indicates the existence of the effect of spin current generation by spin pumping from ferromagnetic layer[1].


Fig. 1 FMR spectra of Py monolayer and Py/Pd bilayer

 Set Parameters & Conditions

Sample Py(Ni78Fe22)
Angle [deg.] Bo // Film plane
Temperature [°C] 26.5
NW Frequency [MHz] 9441.689
MW Power [mW] 4
Bo [mT] 122 - 222
Mod. Width [mT] 0.5
Mod. Freq. [kHz] 100
Mod. Phase [deg.] 0
Sweep Time [s] 30
Accumulation 4
Amp. Gain 2.5
Tc [s] 0.03
* Measured samples were provided from Dr. Katsuichi Kanemoto of Osaka City University.


[1] Y. Tserkovnyak, A. Brataas, and G. E. W. Bauer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(2002), 117601.

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